An undesirable irregularity in a metal casting procedure can lead to a casting problem. We note out a few of the typical problems of iron casting parts.

Air shaft

Iron Casting Parts

Flat holes of differing sizes appear on iron casting parts when the moulding sand has high water material, no correct ventilation, when the mould is put too quickly, and so on

. Spread contraction

You will discover cavities usually at a 90 degree angle to the casting surface area. The casting problem in iron parts is generally triggered by abnormalities in carbon or nitrogen material in the melt.

Forecasts at the separation line

This takes place when metal enters the clearance in between the top and bottom of the metal casting mould halves. To prevent forecasts the metalcaster should take additional care throughout pattern, mould and core making.


Shrinking is typically seen in sector positions of castings. It will have an irregular shape with rough holes. The flaw is because of imperfect gating system or if the riser is too little. Shrinking can likewise take place when the putting temperature level is too expensive.


Sand holes, which are sand filled holes on the interior or outside of iron casting parts, are a frequently seen problem. This problem can take place when the moulding sand is not of the appropriate strength.


If the iron casting is not offered appropriate melting time throughout its making, it can lead to slag. The flaw might likewise be because of some damage in the filter, or if the putting temperature level was too low.

Staggered box

Staggered box triggers the staggered positions at the separation line of the castings. Staggered box is because of the inaccurate place of leading sand box and down sand box. The sand boxes must be lined up effectively to prevent the problem.

Sticky sand

The outside of iron casting parts is signed up with firmly by sand, and this is exactly what offers it a rough look. Sticky sand is triggered when there is inadequate sand to withstand fire. Like all the other typical flaws, this problem happens when the putting temperature level is too expensive.

Iron Casting Parts

Axial Shrinking

All metal agreements as it harden. Axial shrinking takes place when the metal at the centre of the casting takes more time to freeze than the metal surrounding it. This flaw is mainly triggered by irregular casting density. Putting temperature level and speed, and alloy clearness can likewise trigger this flaw.

Fillet Vein

This flaw is because of excessive binder in the sand. As an outcome a space is formed in the mould throughout mould preparation or casting. The flaw can be avoided by minimizing making use of binder.


Sand contraction due to heat can trigger this flaw. To avoid fractures on a sand mould the metalcaster should change its sand structure and heating.

Cold Shot

This flaw takes place when metal drops fall under a casting mould. These drops will quickly solidify and will not melt when the staying metal is presented to the mould. Inaccurate putting practices can trigger this problem. Metalcasters should aim to enhance putting conditions to prevent this problem.

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